Sunday, September 7, 2014

Farmers Produce Rice To Make Ends Meet But Government Proud To be Big Exporter


It is especially true on which Cambodian farmers have been cultivating only for making ends meet but not standing for the intention of government’s agriculture-sector forefront in a priority strategic plan. There has a few farmers achieved their goal relying on agriculture cultivation for their daily livelihood. They do not have a solid hope for market to sell their products after harvesting or even sell paddy rice in a very cheap price. They lose totally since the rice production value chain.

In a conclusion shows that Cambodians could not emerge away poverty through agricultural production due to they become debtors to the private bank. In this regard, farmers could not struggle to survive themselves so they could not satisfy the government’s vision targeting agriculture sector which is determined as the forefront for national socioeconomic development in the export diversification and expansion framework.

In contrast, this is the travesty of Cambodia’s milled rice expansion plan which Cambodia had intended to become a large paddy rice exporter in a region of Southeast Asia. It is proud to fully unlock potentials in producing paddy rice for a broader export. Export of milled rice has been priority for Cambodia in its export diversification and expansion strategy. So far garment manufacturing is a forerunner.

Eying on international rice market development, it is an economic opportunity for Cambodia. There have been many problems have hampered its export plan including the farmers are producing for their making ends meet, and production cost of milled rice is high value. The price of Cambodia rice is expensive since in production chain in the light of high cost expenditure for fertilizer which lacks of quality as well. Fee of fuel which population almost entirely depends on motor pumping due to Cambodia lacks of irrigation system, electricity supply is also so expensive. Cost of production is more expensive than neighboring countries Thailand and Vietnam. In addition, Cambodia lacks of infrastructure for product transportation.

Spending on such outrageous expensive cost on production makes Cambodian rice must be sold in high value against a backdrop of Cambodia has became debtor which is hard to enter international market, particularly difficult to challenge with the neighboring countries. They are the nations which entered international markets already.

Thursday, August 21, 2014

Vietnam’s Dilemma Of Relationship With The U.S.

Recently, they notice that the United States seems enhance a relationship with Hanoi’s government since then diplomatic linking of the both, between the United States and Vietnam in 1995 that they used to be mutual acrimonious and deadly enemies in a period of the cold war. They are now making a big step move forward, which focused on economy, military and Civil Nuclear.

Inside the U.S. view—Vietnam is the mainstay for its strategy in the Southeast Asia region, particularly to contain the rising of Chinese influences which is consistent with the Obama’s administration aiming at this region target. As of Vietnam has a concern over the Chinese military and aggression for example the concern which is related to the China’s South sea issue. Vietnam therefore desperately needs to have U.S. presence in Asia in order to ensure a balance influence against China. In such context, both Vietnam and U.S. entirely eye on their respective benefits, even they have stance on relationship enhancement image.

Furthermore, the critics had revealed that the government of Vietnam and U.S. entirely have expressed their same stances so that to protest China over the South sea activities deployment. Though, Vietnam still hesitates to capture relationship with U.S. to against China. One group of Vietnam has an extreme move to against China. Therefore it seeks for a backup of the U.S. and among other countries in the region meanwhile another group has pessimism on relationship with the U.S. due to they are afraid that U.S. might ask for Vietnam to reform politics and human rights in line with democracy on which Vietnam must beholden to U.S. request over time. Besides, U.S. also ask for Vietnam to have the joint military maneuvers on behalf of its ally.

Yet, the Vietnamese group has a deep concern that it would deteriorate the status of facing between China and Vietnam may reach to an armed conflict. Sometimes, China may also slam sanction on Vietnam.

It is literally apparent that the members of Vietnamese government are afraid of China and hate China but they still do not trust in U.S backup as well.